The exploration of "sculpture language" and the understanding of sculpture art language

In plastic arts, every art has its own advantages and limitations. How to master the sculpture language effectively for the sculptors to play its unique role is the most important thing related to the development of sculpture art. Sculpture itself is an art of speaking by itself. The volume of sculpture works and the outline from all aspects give people a direct feeling and arouse people's Association. This is the so-called sense of sculpture. Sculpture creation in the topic selection and shaping should strive for a single content, simple and lively image, not a lot of plot content on a sculpture.


The characteristics of sculpture language are mainly determined by the materials of its image. It focuses on a specific object to capture the image, and the choice of theme is more typical. Rodin's Bronze Age and the Old Whore are the best examples. These works are like an epic to expose capitalist society. As far as the expression technique of sculpture art is concerned, more emphasis should be placed on "less is better than more", and "simplicity is better than complexity". Any complicated content must be expressed in a simple form. Since the 1950s, China's sculpture art has not paid much attention to artistic treatment.


For example, in order to illustrate the development of production, a group sculpture of three or five people was designed. In order to explain the specific production environment, even the props bigger than people are moved up. In fact, head portraits, bust portraits, and even some part of the human body, as long as they are beautiful, can broaden people's thinking, and give people inspiration, they are the objects that can not be ignored. For thematic creation, the key is to artistically deal with the vivid image that can reveal the essence of things, rather than the simple rubbing of a certain action. The image of the workers created by Manuel is so famous because he not only shapes the appearance of ordinary workers, but also reveals the great temperament of the working class in creating the world, which makes people respected.


Among the group sculptures, the famous stone sculptures by Lude and the Marseilles on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris are outstanding examples of the use of sculpture language. With a small number of portraits, he sang a magnificent Ode to the heroic people during the French bourgeois revolution through dynamic artistic arrangements. I can't help but think of rent collection courtyard, which was praised as excellent revolutionary clay sculpture in the previous period. I think it is just a way of expression for a specific environment, but it is by no means "unique". The reason why I say this is that there was a time when the incorrect understanding of sculpture language had a bad impact.


For example, some sculptures even put real props on them. He imitated the content and form of comic strips in all aspects, resulting in the cancellation of the artistic language of sculpture. It can be seen that the artistic treatment of using a small amount of ink to say more is not only the characteristic of sculpture language, but also a rule that can not be violated in sculpture art. In addition to the technique of expression, the characteristics of sculpture materials are also an integral part of sculpture language. Different materials produce different ways of expression, resulting in a variety of different artistic effects. On the other hand, it is the same, and the change of expression often depends on the use of which material.


Therefore, the value of a sculpture depends not only on its content, but also on the author's superb artistic techniques and his clever use of materials. These three are indispensable, and the latter two are the important factors that determine whether its art is moving and its style. When we determine the material and production method of a sculpture, we must first consider the characteristics of the material, so that the material can help to express the content of the work. Granite, for example, can be used in simple, holistic and powerful works.


Marble is suitable for works with perfect modeling and delicate depiction; cast copper can completely retain the taste of clay sculpture; if it is wood carving, it can make use of the natural taste of wood grain to make ornamental works with simple shape and smooth lines; ceramic sculptures, glazed but not glazed, are quite different in shape. Since sculpture is a kind of art expressed by volume, we must pay attention to the difference between thickness, weight and square. The appropriate use of the feeling caused by volume will certainly contribute to the expression of artistic image. Generally speaking, the cylinder feels thick.


The cube with clear edges and corners is thin when viewed from the front, even though it is heavy. If you cut off the edges and corners into a circle, you will feel much more dignified. The volume of the same shape, if it is hollowed out or not hollowed out, will cause two completely different senses of weight. In Contemporary Western abstract sculpture, some sculptors strive to create a certain feeling in the volume to attract the audience, coupled with the author's clever use of materials, they create a new artistic style. Moore's sculpture shows his own characteristics in this respect, and we can learn from it critically.


It is undeniable that we have not paid enough attention to and studied the characteristics of sculpture language for many years. Many works generally express objects, or just stay on the natural simulation. It can't use materials effectively, and it doesn't stress various forms of artistic treatment. It is very difficult to reach a higher level with this kind of creation method which violates the law of sculpture art.


In my opinion, many monuments are not specific in artistic image, too complex in content, and no distinction between indoor and outdoor in handling methods, which weakens the unique artistic function of Monument sculpture. The achievement of Chinese ancient sculpture lies in its effective use of sculpture language, becoming one of the two pillars of Oriental Art and winning the world reputation. It is very important for us to study and study the achievements of eastern and Western sculpture in the use of sculpture language.