On the technology of sculpture and its aesthetic principles

Cultural creation is not fabricated out of thin air. People always hope that the fruitful results of social and cultural effects will be directly proportional to the effort of labor creation. A methodology of unity of opposites worth thinking about here is to create effort and create reward. This is a problem about the methodology of social and cultural creation.


In order to explore this problem, we need to re-examine and understand the sculpture technology and aesthetic principles. Sculpture technology is nothing more than the unity of opposites of addition and subtraction, that is, the contrast and coordination of sculpture and sculpture. Addition and subtraction are the two most commonly used methods in the operation of things. They are not only closely related, but also the unity of opposites. From the history of the development of human art creation, sculpture is first the method of human art creation, and then the object of aesthetics.


In the Neolithic Age of primitive society, there were two kinds of artistic creation methods, one in the production of stone tools, the other in the production of pottery. The former is formed in the process of making stone tools, such as smashing, beating, drilling and grinding, while the latter is a method adopted by people in the process of making pottery to reinforce a certain part of the objects. With the development of production and the continuous improvement of people's understanding of things, generally speaking, the artistic creation method that takes place in hard materials is called subtraction, also known as "carving". On the contrary, the method of artistic creation in soft materials is called addition, which is also called "plastic". As far as the methodology of artistic creation is concerned, the two methods are two aspects of one thing and the contradictory unity of one thing. In history, there are many kinds of artistic creation generated by such addition and subtraction, and their functions are also very extensive. From the material point of view, they include stone, wood, bone, jade, pottery, lacquer, porcelain, and all kinds of metal materials.


This kind of artistic creation is full of practical beauty and artistic beauty. In sculpture art, the artistic creation of soft materials and hard materials has gradually formed a modeling methodology of unity of opposites. People add or subtract from the objects they create in order to better establish the three-dimensional space of objects. For example, using clay to make pottery tripod is to create a space for cooking. Of course, in some cases, the makers need to make the tripod bigger so that it can hold more food.


As a result, the weight of the object to be held increases and the leg supporting force of the pottery tripod needs to be strengthened. Therefore, the designer has to reinforce the joint between the leg and the tripod body - the manufacturer uses soft materials to reinforce this part. In this way, addition as the main method of shaping method has become one of the main techniques in the ceramic industry. Although this is a necessary means for practical beauty, its effectiveness is recorded in the historical and cultural books of ceramic molding. As the opposite of sculpture, carving took place in the production of stone tools. In the Paleolithic age, where drilling and chiseling were the main production techniques, carving technology came into being. This technique with subtraction as its main feature was more delicate in the Neolithic age. People used the method of grinding to reduce the artifacts and make them short and thin, so as to increase the short, small and refined modeling features of the artifacts. In particular, drilling technology is one of the most typical technologies at this time. It can reduce specific parts, and then realize the purpose that stone tools can be equipped with handles or can be pierced with ropes, thus expanding the use function of stone tools. It can be seen that in the initial artistic creation, no matter adding or subtracting, the function of "artistic creation" was increased in the production of utensils.


Because of this, the artifacts made by sculpture, even if using subtraction, can also enrich the aesthetic of artifacts in cultural function. In other words, in the opposition of sculpture, as long as we can deal with this contradiction in a proper way, then, in the unity it produces, we can still enhance the role of cultural aesthetics. Sculpture art creation dominated by the same philosophical concepts and aesthetic thinking is also like this, which has the characteristics of condensing and aggregating the formal beauty in the artistic image. Therefore, by using the law of formal beauty to process the material media, we can integrate the artistic symbols that embody the formal beauty. Various rules of formal beauty (such as symmetry, balance, rhythm, rhythm, contrast, proportion, master-slave, scale, light and shade, virtual reality, diversified unity, etc.) in the specific application of sculpture art, such as proportion symmetry, changing rhythm, light and shade contrast, diversified unity, virtual reality mutual generation, etc., are the concentrated presentation of the rules of formal beauty in sculpture art, thus condensing into a whole The beauty of various shapes.